A neuropsychological evaluation is a comprehensive testing process that identifies the reasons a child may be struggling in school. This type of evaluation provides an in-depth look at an individual’s capacity to learn, current academic functioning, processes necessary for learning, and social and emotional functioning. Based on the results, specific diagnoses such as Learning Disabilities or ADHD may be identified, and recommendations for intervention are generated.
Beginning Reading and Literacy Skills
There are a variety of early literacy skills needed to become successful readers and writers. At Westchester Child Therapy, multisensory based programs are used to provide children with the inputs needed to solidify the skills for beginning literacy. During one-to-one sessions, children will build the following skills:
- Recognition and naming printed letters
- Connections between the sounds associated with printed letters
- Phonemic awareness and the skills needed to break apart and put together the sounds of spoken language, which is essential for learning to blend sounds, read words, and spell.
- Rapid naming skills which are essential for fluent reading
Reading is a complex skill, which involves translating printed words to sounds, reading with automaticity and fluency, and comprehending written material. At the beginning of treatment, each child is evaluated through formal and informal measures to assess their individual needs. A program is devised, which incorporates the use of various research-based programs, such as Lindamood Bell, Preventing Academic Failure, Orton-Gillingham, and Great Leaps.
During sessions, children acquire the skills they need to build a strong phonics base and increase reading efficiency and fluency. Each child is taught active reading strategies and methods for monitoring their own reading. Through guided reading and modeling, children are taught to read for meaning by previewing texts, drawing from preexisting knowledge, making predictions and inferences, building visualization and mental imagery, using graphic organizers, and developing summarization skills.
Students are provided with the tools to use writing across content, genre, form, and function. Our writing instruction ranges from learning to write simple sentences to comprehensive reports. Children are taught specific tools they can utilize as they write, including:
- Pre-writing methods for quickly and thoughtfully planning ideas
- Development of structure and sequencing in writing
- Organization, linking ideas, vocabulary development, and idea expansion
- Revision and editing techniques